Cricket analytics with cricketr
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Cricket analytics with cricketr

Analysis of performances of cricketrs with R package cricketr

About the Book

This book contains a collection of articles that perform detailed analyis of cricketing legends past and present. The analyses have been done using my R package called cricketr (which I authored) , now available in CRAN. Details of how to use this package are included in the book. This R package is now in CRAN and uses the data from ESPN Cricinfo Statsguru. Analysis can be performed for Test, ODI and Twenty20 matches for both batsman and bowlers

About the Author

Tinniam V Ganesh
Tinniam V Ganesh

I am a pioneer, architect and a Programmer with 27++ years experience in software. I am the author of ‘cricketr‘ R package, now available at CRAN. My interests span Telecom, Distributed Systems, AI,  Machine Learning, Computer Vision, Cloud computing, Mobile apps,  Economics and History. I am programming linguist-polyglot, part-time philosopher and an amateur photographer.

I did  B-Tech in Electronics from IIT-BHU,Varanasi and Masters in Computer Science from Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago. Recently I completed a 10 module course in Data Science Specialization from John Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health at Coursera. I  am currently working in IBM as a Cloud Architect.

Table of Contents

Preface..................................................................................................................................... 5

1.     Cricket Analytics with cricketr....................................................................................... 6

1.1.      Introducing cricketr! : An R package to analyze performances of cricketers......... 6

1.1.1.       Introduction...................................................................................................... 6

1.1.2.       The cricketr package........................................................................................ 7

1.1.3.       Sachin Tendulkar’s performance – Basic Analyses........................................ 8

1.1.4.       More analyses................................................................................................... 9

1.1.5.       3D scatter plot and prediction plane.............................................................. 10

1.1.6.       Average runs at different venues................................................................... 11

1.1.7.       Average runs against different opposing teams............................................. 12

1.1.8.       Highest Runs Likelihood................................................................................ 13

1.1.9.       A look at the Top 4 batsman – Tendulkar, Kallis, Ponting and Sangakkara. 14

1.1.10.     Box Histogram Plot........................................................................................ 15

1.1.11.     Contribution to won and lost matches........................................................... 18

1.1.12.     Performance at home and overseas................................................................ 19

1.1.13.     Relative Mean Strike Rate plot...................................................................... 20

1.1.14.     Relative Runs Frequency plot........................................................................ 21

1.1.15.     Moving Average of runs in career................................................................. 22

1.1.16.     Future Runs forecast....................................................................................... 23

1.1.17.     Check Batsman In-Form or Out-of-Form...................................................... 24

1.1.18.     3D plot of Runs vs Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease................................. 26

1.1.19.     Predicting Runs given Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease........................... 27

1.1.20.     Analysis of Top 3 wicket takers..................................................................... 28

1.1.21.     Wicket Frequency Plot................................................................................... 28

1.1.22.     Wickets Runs plot.......................................................................................... 29

1.1.23.     Average wickets at different venues.............................................................. 30

1.1.24.     Average wickets against different opposition............................................... 31

1.1.25.     Relative Wickets Frequency Percentage........................................................ 32

1.1.26.     Relative Economy Rate against wickets taken.............................................. 33

1.1.27.     Wickets taken moving average...................................................................... 34

1.1.28.     Future Wickets forecast................................................................................. 35

1.1.29.     Contribution to matches won and lost........................................................... 36

1.1.30.     Performance home and overseas.................................................................... 37

1.1.31.     Check for bowler in-form/out-of-form.......................................................... 38

1.1.32.     Key Findings................................................................................................... 39

1.1.33.     Analysis of Top 4 batsman............................................................................. 40

1.1.34.     Analysis of Top 3 legs spinners..................................................................... 40

Final thoughts................................................................................................................. 40

1.1.35.     Batting............................................................................................................ 40

1.1.36.     Bowling........................................................................................................... 41

1.2.      Taking cricketr for a spin – Part 1......................................................................... 42

1.2.1.       Introduction.................................................................................................... 42

1.2.2.       Box Histogram Plot........................................................................................ 42

1.2.3.       Relative Mean Strike Rate............................................................................. 46

1.2.4.       Relative Runs Frequency Percentage............................................................. 47

1.2.5.       Moving Average of runs over career............................................................. 48

1.2.6.       Runs forecast.................................................................................................. 49

1.2.7.       Check for batsman in-form/out-of-form........................................................ 50

1.2.8.       3D plot of Runs vs Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease................................. 51

1.2.9.       Predicting Runs given Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease........................... 53

1.2.10.     Contribution to matches won and lost........................................................... 54

1.2.11.     Home and overseas performance................................................................... 55

1.2.12.     Average runs at ground and against opposition............................................. 56

1.2.13.     Key findings................................................................................................... 60

1.2.14.     Final thoughts................................................................................................. 61

1.3.      cricketr digs the Ashes!.......................................................................................... 62

1.3.1.       Introduction.................................................................................................... 62

1.3.2.       Analyses of Batsmen...................................................................................... 62

1.3.3.       Box Histogram Plot........................................................................................ 62

1.3.4.       Plot of 4s, 6s and the type of dismissals........................................................ 66

1.3.5.       Relative Mean Strike Rate............................................................................. 70

1.3.6.       Relative Runs Frequency Percentage............................................................. 71

1.3.7.       Moving Average of runs over career............................................................. 72

1.3.8.       Runs forecast.................................................................................................. 73

1.3.9.       3D plot of Runs vs Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease................................. 74

1.3.10.     Predicting Runs given Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease........................... 76

1.3.11.     Highest runs likelihood.................................................................................. 77

1.3.12.     Average runs at ground and against opposition............................................. 80

1.3.13.     Analysis of bowlers........................................................................................ 84

1.3.14.     Wicket Frequency percentage........................................................................ 84

1.3.15.     Wickets Runs plot.......................................................................................... 85

1.3.16.     Average wickets in different grounds and opposition................................... 86

1.3.17.     Relative bowling performance....................................................................... 90

1.3.18.     Relative Economy Rate against wickets taken.............................................. 91

1.3.19.     Moving average of wickets over career......................................................... 92

1.3.20.     Wickets forecast............................................................................................. 93

1.3.21.     Key findings................................................................................................... 94

1.4.      cricketr plays the ODIs!......................................................................................... 95

1.4.1.       Introduction.................................................................................................... 95

1.4.2.       Plot of 4s, 6s and the scoring rate in ODIs..................................................... 96

1.4.3.       Relative Mean Strike Rate........................................................................... 100

1.4.4.       Relative Runs Frequency Percentage........................................................... 101

1.4.5.       Percentage of 4s,6s in the runs scored......................................................... 102

1.4.6.       Percent 4’s,6’s in total runs scored.............................................................. 102

1.4.7.       Runs forecast................................................................................................ 103

1.4.8.       3D plot of Runs vs Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease............................... 104

1.4.9.       Predicting Runs given Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease......................... 106

1.4.10.     Highest runs likelihood................................................................................ 107

1.4.11.     Average runs at ground and against opposition........................................... 110

1.4.12.     Moving Average of runs over career........................................................... 114

1.4.13.     Check batsmen in-form, out-of-form........................................................... 115

1.4.14.     Analysis of bowlers...................................................................................... 116

1.4.15.     Wicket Frequency percentage...................................................................... 116

1.4.16.     Wickets Runs plot........................................................................................ 117

1.4.17.     Average wickets in different grounds and opposition................................. 118

1.4.18.     Relative bowling performance..................................................................... 122

1.4.19.     Relative Economy Rate against wickets taken............................................ 123

1.4.20.     Moving average of wickets over career....................................................... 124

1.4.21.     Wickets forecast........................................................................................... 125

1.4.22.     Check bowler in-form, out-of-form............................................................. 126

1.4.23.     Key findings................................................................................................. 127

1.5.      cricketr adapts to the Twenty20 International!.................................................... 129

1.5.1.       Introduction.................................................................................................. 129

1.5.2.       Analyses of Batsmen.................................................................................... 130

1.5.3.       Plot of 4s, 6s and the scoring rate in ODIs................................................... 130

1.5.4.       Relative Mean Strike Rate........................................................................... 134

1.5.5.       Relative Runs Frequency Percentage........................................................... 135

1.5.6.       Percent 4’s,6’s in total runs scored.............................................................. 136

1.5.7.       3D plot of Runs vs Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease............................... 137

1.5.8.       Predicting Runs given Balls Faced and Minutes at Crease......................... 139

1.5.9.       Highest runs likelihood................................................................................ 140

1.5.10.     Moving Average of runs over career........................................................... 143

1.5.11.     Analysis of bowlers...................................................................................... 144

1.5.12.     Wicket Frequency percentage...................................................................... 144

1.5.13.     Wickets Runs plot........................................................................................ 145

1.5.14.     Relative bowling performance..................................................................... 148

1.5.15.     Relative Economy Rate against wickets taken............................................ 149

1.5.16.     Relative Wicket Rate.................................................................................... 150

1.5.17.     Key findings................................................................................................. 152

1.5.18.     Twenty 20 batsmen....................................................................................... 152

1.5.19.     Twenty20 bowlers........................................................................................ 153

1.5.20.     Key takeaways.............................................................................................. 153

1.6.      Sixer – R package cricketr’s new Shiny avatar................................................... 154

1.6.1.       Analyze batsman.......................................................................................... 154

1.6.2.       Analyze bowler............................................................................................. 154

1.6.3.       Relative performances of batsman............................................................... 155

1.6.4.       Relative performances of bowlers............................................................... 155

1.6.5.       Check for In-Form status of players............................................................ 155

1.6.6.       Analyze batsman tab.................................................................................... 155

1.6.7.       Analyze bowler tab....................................................................................... 157

1.6.8.       Relative performance of batsmen (select more than 1)............................... 158

1.6.9.       Relative performance of bowlers (select more than 1)............................... 159

1.6.10.     Check in-form status of players................................................................... 161

2.     Other cricket posts in R............................................................................................ 163

2.1.      Analyzing cricket’s batting legends – Through the mirage with R..................... 163

2.2.     Mirror, mirror … the best batsman of them all?................................................. 189

3.     Appendix...................................................................................................................... 203

Cricket analysis with Machine Learning using Octave................................................. 203

3.1.      Informed choices through Machine Learning – Analyzing Kohli, Tendulkar and Dravid........................................................................................................................ 204

3.2.      Informed choices through Machine Learning-2 Pitting together Kumble, Kapil, Chandra.................................................................................................................. 215

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