Selenium WebDriver Recipes in Python
Selenium WebDriver Recipes in Python
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Selenium WebDriver Recipes in Python

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Completed on 2018-11-13

About the Book

Selenium WebDriver is a popular browser automation framework. Testers or developers with Selenium skills are in high demand.   It is easy to get started with Selenium, but do you use effectively for testing real-world test scenarios? Such as data driving test from an Excel spreadsheet and handling pop up dialogs.

Selenium WebDriver Recipes will show you solutions to your problems from the experts who have already solved them. All recipe tests (~200 in Python language) are ready-to-run. I created the target web site and offline web pages, so that you can simply find the recipes and run, in a matter of seconds. Owning this book is like having a test automation coach sitting next to you.

About the Author

Zhimin Zhan
Zhimin Zhan

Zhimin Zhan is the founder and Continuous Integration Officer of AgileWay Pty Ltd, Australia. As an advisor and coach, he helps organzations by implementing test automation with Continuous Integration using open technologies such as Selenium WebDriver and Watir. Zhimin is the creator of TestWise, the next-generation functional testing tool that supports functional test refactorings, a frequent speaker and writer. He shares his test automation and CI experience at testwisely.com.

Bundles that include this book

Selenium WebDriver Recipes in Ruby
Selenium WebDriver Recipes in Java
Selenium WebDriver Recipes in Python
Selenium WebDriver Recipes in Node.js
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Table of Contents

  • Preface
    • Who should read this book
    • How to read this book
    • Recipe test scripts
    • Send me feedback
  • 1. Introduction
    • 1.1 Selenium language bindings
    • 1.2 Install Selenium Python
    • 1.3 Cross browser testing
    • 1.4 unittest - Python Unit Testing Framework
    • 1.5 Run recipe scripts
  • 2. Locating web elements
    • 2.1 Start browser
    • 2.2 Find element by ID
    • 2.3 Find element by Name
    • 2.4 Find element by Link Text
    • 2.5 Find element by Partial Link Text
    • 2.6 Find element by XPath
    • 2.7 Find element by Tag Name
    • 2.8 Find element by Class Name
    • 2.9 Find element by CSS Selector
    • 2.10 Chain find_element to find child elements
    • 2.11 Find multiple elements
  • 3. Hyperlink
    • 3.1 Start browser
    • 3.2 Click a link by text
    • 3.3 Click a link by ID
    • 3.4 Click a link by partial text
    • 3.5 Click a link by XPath
    • 3.6 Click Nth link with exact same label
    • 3.7 Click Nth link by CSS
    • 3.8 Verify a link present or not?
    • 3.9 Getting link data attributes
    • 3.10 Test links open a new browser window
  • 4. Button
    • 4.1 Click a button by text
    • 4.2 Click a form button by text
    • 4.3 Submit a form
    • 4.4 Click a button by ID
    • 4.5 Click a button by name
    • 4.6 Click a image button
    • 4.7 Click a button via JavaScript
    • 4.8 Assert a button present
    • 4.9 Assert a button enabled or disabled?
  • 5. TextField and TextArea
    • 5.1 Enter text into a text field by name
    • 5.2 Enter text into a text field by ID
    • 5.3 Enter text into a password field
    • 5.4 Clear a text field
    • 5.5 Enter text into a multi-line text area
    • 5.6 Assert value
    • 5.7 Focus on a control
    • 5.8 Set a value to a read-only or disabled text field
    • 5.9 Set and assert the value of a hidden field
  • 6. Radio button
    • 6.1 Select a radio button
    • 6.2 Clear radio option selection
    • 6.3 Assert a radio option is selected
    • 6.4 Iterate radio buttons in a radio group
    • 6.5 Click Nth radio button in a group
    • 6.6 Click radio button by the following label
    • 6.7 Customized Radio buttons - iCheck
  • 7. CheckBox
    • 7.1 Select by name
    • 7.2 Uncheck a checkbox
    • 7.3 Assert a checkbox is checked (or not)
    • 7.4 Customized Checkboxes - iCheck
  • 8. Select List
    • 8.1 Select an option by text
    • 8.2 Select an option by value
    • 8.3 Select an option by iterating all options
    • 8.4 Select multiple options
    • 8.5 Clear one selection
    • 8.6 Clear selection
    • 8.7 Assert selected option
    • 8.8 Assert the value of a select list
    • 8.9 Assert multiple selections
  • 9. Navigation and Browser
    • 9.1 Go to a URL
    • 9.2 Visit pages within a site
    • 9.3 Perform actions from right mouse click context menu such as ‘Back’, ‘Forward’ or ‘Refresh’
    • 9.4 Open browser in certain size
    • 9.5 Maximize browser window
    • 9.6 Move browser window
    • 9.7 Minimize browser window
    • 9.8 Scroll focus to control
    • 9.9 Switch between browser windows or tabs
    • 9.10 Open new and close browser Tabs
    • 9.11 Remember current web page URL, then come back to it later
  • 10. Assertion
    • 10.1 Assert page title
    • 10.2 Assert Page Text
    • 10.3 Assert Page Source
    • 10.4 Assert Label Text
    • 10.5 Assert Span text
    • 10.6 Assert Div text or HTML
    • 10.7 Assert Table text
    • 10.8 Assert text in a table cell
    • 10.9 Assert text in a table row
    • 10.10 Assert image present
    • 10.11 Assert element location and width
    • 10.12 Assert element CSS style
    • 10.13 Assert JavaScript errors on a web page
  • 11. Frames
    • 11.1 Testing Frames
    • 11.2 Testing IFrame
    • 11.3 Test multiple iframes
  • 12. Testing AJAX
    • 12.1 Wait within a time frame
    • 12.2 Explicit Waits until Time out
    • 12.3 Implicit Waits until Time out
    • 12.4 Create your own polling check function
    • 12.5 Wait AJAX Call to complete using JQuery
  • 13. File Upload and Popup dialogs
    • 13.1 File upload
    • 13.2 JavaScript pop ups
    • 13.3 Modal style dialogs
    • 13.4 Bypass basic authentication by embedding username and password in URL
    • 13.5 Internet Explorer modal dialog
    • 13.6 Popup Handler Approach
    • 13.7 Handle JavaScript dialog with Popup Handler
    • 13.8 Basic or Proxy Authentication Dialog
  • 14. Debugging Test Scripts
    • 14.1 Print text for debugging
    • 14.2 Write page source or element HTML into a file
    • 14.3 Take screenshot
    • 14.4 Leave browser open after test finishes
    • 14.5 Debug test execution using Debugger
  • 15. Test Data
    • 15.1 Get date dynamically
    • 15.2 Get a random boolean value
    • 15.3 Generate a number within a range
    • 15.4 Get a random character
    • 15.5 Get a random string at fixed length
    • 15.6 Get a random string in a collection
    • 15.7 Generate random person names, emails, addresses with Faker
    • 15.8 Generate a test file at fixed sizes
    • 15.9 Retrieve data from Database
  • 16. Browser Profile and Capabilities
    • 16.1 Get browser type and version
    • 16.2 Set HTTP Proxy for Browser
    • 16.3 Verify file download in Chrome
    • 16.4 Test downloading PDF in Firefox
    • 16.5 Bypass basic authentication with Firefox AutoAuth plugin
    • 16.6 Manage Cookies
    • 16.7 Headless browser testing with PhantomJS
    • 16.8 Headless Chrome
    • 16.9 Headless Firefox
    • 16.10 Test responsive websites
    • 16.11 Set page load timeout
  • 17. Advanced User Interactions
    • 17.1 Double click a control
    • 17.2 Move mouse to a control - Mouse Over
    • 17.3 Click and hold - select multiple items
    • 17.4 Context Click - right click a control
    • 17.5 Drag and drop
    • 17.6 Drag slider
    • 17.7 Send key sequences - Select All and Delete
    • 17.8 Click a specific part of an image
  • 18. HTML 5 and Dynamic Web Sites
    • 18.1 HTML5 Email type field
    • 18.2 HTML5 Time Field
    • 18.3 Invoke ‘onclick’ JavaScript event
    • 18.4 Invoke JavaScript events such as ‘onchange’
    • 18.5 Scroll to the bottom of a page
    • 18.6 Select2 - Single Select
    • 18.7 Select2 - Multiple Select
    • 18.8 AngularJS web pages
    • 18.9 Ember JS web pages
    • 18.10 “Share Location” with Firefox
    • 18.11 Faking Geolocation with JavaScript
    • 18.12 Save a canvas to PNG image
    • 18.13 Verify dynamic charts
  • 19. WYSIWYG HTML editors
    • 19.1 TinyMCE
    • 19.2 CKEditor
    • 19.3 SummerNote
    • 19.4 CodeMirror
  • 20. Leverage Programming
    • 20.1 Raise exceptions to fail test
    • 20.2 Ignorable test statement error
    • 20.3 Read external file
    • 20.4 Data-Driven Tests with Excel
    • 20.5 Data-Driven Tests with CSV
    • 20.6 Identify element IDs with dynamically generated long prefixes
    • 20.7 Sending special keys such as Enter to an element or browser
    • 20.8 Use of unicode in test scripts
    • 20.9 Extract a group of dynamic data : verify search results in order
    • 20.10 Verify uniqueness of a set of data
    • 20.11 Extract dynamic visible data rows from a results table
    • 20.12 Extract dynamic text following a pattern using Regex
    • 20.13 Quick extract pattern text in comments with Regex
  • 21. Optimization
    • 21.1 Assert page_source is faster than page text
    • 21.2 Getting text from specific element is faster
    • 21.3 Avoid programming if-else block if possible
    • 21.4 Use variable to cache not-changed data
    • 21.5 Enter large text into a text box
    • 21.6 Use Environment Variables to change test behaviours dynamically
    • 21.7 Test web site in two languages
    • 21.8 Multi-language testing with lookups
  • 22. Gotchas
    • 22.1 Test starts browser but no execution with blank screen
    • 22.2 Failed to assert copied text in browser
    • 22.3 The same test works for Chrome, but not IE
    • 22.4 “unexpected tag name ‘input’”
    • 22.5 Element is not clickable or not visible
  • 23. Material Design Web App
    • 23.1 Select List (dropdown)
    • 23.2 Checkbox
    • 23.3 Drag range (noUiSlider)
    • 23.4 Verify Toast message
    • 23.5 Modal
  • 24. Selenium Remote Control Server
    • 24.1 Selenium Server Installation
    • 24.2 Execute tests in specified browser on another machine
    • 24.3 Selenium Grid
  • Appendix - Continuous Testing
    • Verify server machine can run Selenium Python
    • Install BuildWise Server
    • Create Build Project in BuildWise
    • Trigger test execution manually
    • Feedback while test execution in progress
    • Build finished
    • Notification
    • Review
  • Afterword
  • Resources
    • Books
    • Web Sites
    • Tools

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