Selenium WebDriver Recipes in Java
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Selenium WebDriver Recipes in Java

The problem solving guide to Selenium WebDriver in Java

About the Book

Selenium WebDriver is a popular browser automation framework, testers or developers with Selenium skills are in high demand.   It is easy to get started with Selenium, but do you use effectively for testing real-world test scenarios? Such as data driving test from an Excel spreadsheet and handling pop up dialogs.

Selenium WebDriver Recipes will show you solutions to your problems from the experts who have already solved them. All recipe tests (~200 in Java language) are ready-to-run. I created the target web site and offline web pages, so that you can simply find the recipes and run, in a matter of seconds. Owning this book is like having a test automation coach sitting next to you.

About the Author

Zhimin Zhan
Zhimin Zhan

Zhimin Zhan is the founder and principal agile testing coach of AgileWay Pty Ltd, Australia. As an advisor and coach, he helps organzations by implementing test automation with Continuous Testing using open technologies such as Selenium WebDriver and RSpec. Zhimin is the creator of TestWise, the next-generation functional testing tool that supports functional test refactorings and BuildWise, an award-winning Continuous Testing Server. Zhimin is a frequent speaker and author of 11 books on software testing and programming. He shares his test automation and CI experience at

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
    • Who should read this book
    • How to read this book
    • Recipe test scripts
    • Send me feedback
  • 1. Introduction
    • Selenium
    • Selenium language bindings
    • Set up Development Environment
    • Cross browser testing
    • JUnit
    • Run recipe scripts
  • 2. Locating web elements
    • Start browser
    • Find element by ID
    • Find element by Name
    • Find element by Link Text
    • Find element by Partial Link Text
    • Find element by XPath
    • Find element by Tag Name
    • Find element by Class
    • Find element by CSS Selector
    • Chain findElement to find child elements
    • Find multiple elements
  • 3. Hyperlink
    • Click a link by text
    • Click a link by ID
    • Click a link by partial text
    • Click a link by XPath
    • Click Nth link with exact same label
    • Click Nth link by CSS Selector
    • Verify a link present or not?
    • Getting link data attributes
    • Test links open a new browser window
  • 4. Button
    • Click a button by label
    • Click a form button by label
    • Submit a form
    • Click a button by ID
    • Click a button by name
    • Click a image button
    • Click a button via JavaScript
    • Assert a button present
    • Assert a button enabled or disabled?
  • 5. TextField and TextArea
    • Enter text into a text field by name
    • Enter text into a text field by ID
    • Enter text into a password field
    • Clear a text field
    • Enter text into a multi-line text area
    • Assert value
    • Focus on a control
    • Set a value to a read-only or disabled text field
    • Set and assert the value of a hidden field
  • 6. Radio button
    • Select a radio button
    • Clear radio option selection
    • Assert a radio option is selected
    • Iterate radio buttons in a radio group
    • Click Nth radio button in a group
    • Click radio button by the following label
    • Customized Radio buttons - iCheck
  • 7. CheckBox
    • Check by name
    • Check by id
    • Uncheck a checkbox
    • Assert a checkbox is checked (or not)
    • Customized Checkboxes - iCheck
  • 8. Select List
    • Select an option by text
    • Select an option by value
    • Select an option by iterating all options
    • Select multiple options
    • Clear one selection
    • Clear selection
    • Assert selected option
    • Assert the value of a select list
    • Assert multiple selections
  • 9. Navigation and Browser
    • Go to a URL
    • Visit pages within a site
    • Perform actions from right click context menu such as ‘Back’, ‘Forward’ or ‘Refresh’
    • Open browser in certain size
    • Maximize browser window
    • Move browser window
    • Minimize browser window
    • Scroll focus to control
    • Switch between browser windows or tabs
    • Open new and close browser Tabs
    • Remember current web page URL, then come back to it later
  • 10. Assertion
    • Assert page title
    • Assert Page Text
    • Assert Page Source
    • Assert Label Text
    • Assert Span text
    • Assert Div text or HTML
    • Assert Table text
    • Assert text in a table cell
    • Assert text in a table row
    • Assert image present
    • Assert element location and width
    • Assert element CSS style
    • Assert JavaScript errors on a web page
  • 11. Frames
    • Testing Frames
    • Testing iframe
    • Test multiple iframes
  • 12. Testing AJAX
    • Wait within a time frame
    • Explicit Waits until Time out
    • Implicit Waits until Time out
    • Wait AJAX Call to complete using JQuery
  • 13. File Upload and Popup dialogs
    • File upload
    • JavaScript pop ups
    • Timeout on a test
    • Modal style dialogs
    • Popup Handler Approach
    • Handle JavaScript dialog with Popup Handler
    • Basic or Proxy Authentication Dialog
    • Internet Explorer modal dialog
  • 14. Debugging Test Scripts
    • Print text for debugging
    • Write page source or element HTML into a file
    • Take screenshot
    • Leave browser open after test finishes
    • Debug test execution using Debugger
  • 15. Test Data
    • Get date dynamically
    • Get a random boolean value
    • Generate a number within a range
    • Get a random character
    • Get a random string at fixed length
    • Get a random string in a collection
    • Generate a test file at fixed sizes
    • Retrieve data from Database
  • 16. Browser Profile and Capabilities
    • Get browser type and version
    • Set HTTP Proxy for Browser
    • Verify file download in Chrome
    • Verify file download in Firefox
    • Bypass basic authentication by embedding username and password in URL
    • Bypass basic authentication with Firefox AutoAuth plugin
    • Manage Cookies
    • Headless browser testing with PhantomJS
    • Headless Chrome
    • Test responsive websites
    • Set page load timeout
  • 17. Advanced User Interactions
    • Double click a control
    • Move mouse to a control - Mouse Over
    • Click and hold - select multiple items
    • Context Click - right click a control
    • Drag and drop
    • Drag slider
    • Send key sequences - Select All and Delete
    • Click a specific part of an image
  • 18. HTML 5 and Dynamic Web Sites
    • HTML5 Email type field
    • HTML5 Time Field
    • Invoke ‘onclick’ JavaScript event
    • Invoke JavaScript events such as ‘onchange’
    • Scroll to the bottom of a page
    • Select2 - Single Select
    • Select2 - Multiple Select
    • AngularJS web pages
    • Ember JS web pages
    • “Share Location” with Firefox
    • Faking Geolocation with JavaScript
  • 19. WYSIWYG HTML editors
    • TinyMCE
    • CKEditor
    • SummerNote
    • CodeMirror
  • 20. Leverage Programming
    • Raise exceptions to fail test
    • Ignorable test statement error
    • Read external file
    • Data-Driven Tests with Excel
    • Data-Driven Tests with CSV
    • Identify element IDs with dynamically generated long prefixes
    • Sending special keys such as Enter to an element or browser
    • Use of Unicode in test scripts
    • Extract a group of dynamic data : verify search results in order
    • Verify uniqueness of a set of data
    • Extract dynamic visible data rows from a results table
    • Extract dynamic text following a pattern using Regex
  • 21. Optimization
    • Assert text in page_source is faster than the text
    • Getting text from more specific element is faster
    • Avoid programming if-else block code if possible
    • Use variable to cache not-changed data
    • Enter large text into a text box
    • Use Environment Variables to change test behaviours dynamically
    • Testing web site in two languages
    • Multi-language testing with lookups
  • 22. Gotchas
    • Test starts browser but no execution with blank screen
    • Failed to assert copied text in browser
    • The same test works for Chrome, but not for IE
    • “unexpected tag name ‘input’”
    • Element is not clickable or not visible
  • 23. Selenium Remote Control Server
    • Selenium Server Installation
    • Execute tests in specified browser on another machine
    • Selenium Grid
  • Afterword
  • Resources
    • Books
    • Web Sites
    • Tools

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