Practical Web Test Automation
Practical Web Test Automation
Test web applications wisely with Selenium WebDriver
About the Book
While few people deny the benefits of test automation, comprehensive automated testing via UI (browser for web applications) is rarely implemented in software projects. Common reasons for projects' failed attempts on test automation are:
- Difficult to learn - test scripts are complex and testing tools are not easy to use
- Hard to maintain - UI tests are vulnerable to application changes
- Long feedback loop - automated tests take too long to run
To succeed in automated testing via UI, software projects need to overcome all these 3 challenges.
This book presents a practical approach to implementing test automation for web applications. Topics include:
- Developing easy to read and maintain Selenium WebDriver tests using a next-generation functional testing tool
- Page object model
- Functional Testing Refactorings
- Cross-browser testing
- Setting up a continuous testing server to manage the execution of a large number of automated UI tests
- Requirement traceability matrix
- Strategies on team collaboration and test automation adoption in projects and organizations
To help readers learn more effectively, the book has a dedicated site containing the following resources:
- Software. Test automation is not necessarily expensive. All test frameworks featured in this book are free and open-source.
- Sample test scripts. Ready-to-run test scripts for the exercises in the book.
- Demo web sites. Two demo sites were created for readers to try out test scripts.
- Tutorial screencasts. You will be able to see how exercises are done step by step.
- Who should read this book?
- How to read this book?
- What’s inside the book?
- Test scripts, Screencasts and other resources
- Send me feedback
1 What is Web Test Automation?
- 1.1 Test automation benefits
- 1.2 Reality check
- 1.3 Reasons for test automation failures
- 1.4 Successful web test automation
- 1.5 Learning approach
- 1.6 Next action
2 First Automated Test
- 2.1 Test Design
- 2.2 Installing TestWise (about 2 minutes)
- 2.3 Create test
- 2.4 Create a test case from recorded test steps
- 2.5 Run test in browser
- 2.6 If no Chrome browser launched …
- 2.7 Running on macOS
- 2.8 When a test failed…
- 2.9 Wrap up
3 How Automated Testing works
- 3.1 Web test drivers
- 3.2 Automated testing rhythm
- 3.3 Test frameworks
- 3.4 Run tests from the command line
4 TestWise - Functional Testing IDE
- 4.1 Philosophy of TestWise
- 4.2 TestWise project structure
- 4.3 Test execution
- 4.4 Keyboard navigation
- 4.5 Snippets
- 4.6 Script library
- 4.7 Test refactoring
- 4.8 Wrap up
5 Case Study
- 5.1 Test site
- 5.2 Preparation
- 5.3 Create a test project
- 5.4 Test Suite: Sign in
- 5.5 Test Suite: Select Flights
- 5.6 Enter passenger details
- 5.7 Book confirmation after payment
- 5.8 Run all tests
- 5.9 Wrap up
6 Maintainable Functional Test Design
- 6.1 Record/Playback leads to unmaintainable test scripts
- 6.2 Success criteria
- 6.3 Maintainable automated test design
- 6.4 Maintain with ease
- 6.5 Case Study: refine test scripts
- 6.6 Wrap Up
7 Test Automation Characteristics
- 7.1 Specific
- 7.2 Clean
- 7.3 Independent
- 7.4 Frequent
- 7.5 Focused
- 7.6 Programmable
- 7.7 Creative
- 7.8 Sustainable
- 7.9 Wrap up
8 Functional Test Refactoring
- 8.1 Code refactoring
- 8.2 Functional test refactoring
- 8.3 Tool support
- 8.4 Case study
- 8.5 Summary
- 9.1 Syntax errors
- 9.2 Set up source control
- 9.3 GUI Object Map
- 9.4 Custom libraries
- 9.5 Debugging
- 9.6 Cross-browser functional testing
- 9.7 Data-Driven Test
- 9.8 What is the best learning method?
- 10.1 Pre-requisite
- 10.2 Scenario 1: “It worked on my machine”
- 10.3 Scenario 2: Synergy
- 10.4 Scenario 3: Acceptance Test-Driven Development
- 10.5 Wrap up
11 Continuous Integration with Functional Tests
- 11.1 Long feedback loop
- 11.2 Continuous Integration
- 11.3 Continuous Integration and Testing
- 11.4 CI build steps
- 11.5 Functional UI testing build step with Rake
- 11.6 Set up a continuous testing server: BuildWise
- 11.7 Create a Build Project
- 11.8 Trigger test execution manually
- 11.9 Feedback while test execution in progress
- 11.10 Build finished
- 11.11 Exercise: Set up CT for your own project
- 11.12 Review
12 Test Reporting
- 12.1 Reporting automated test results
- 12.2 Defect tracking
- 12.3 Requirement traceability
13 WebDriver Backed variants
- 13.1 Watir
- 13.2 RWebSpec
- 13.3 Capybara
- 13.4 Test design with Watir, RWebSpec and Capybara
- 13.5 Review
- 14.1 Cucumber framework
- 14.2 Comparison: RSpec and Cucumber
- 14.3 RSpec and Cucumber co-exist
15 Adopting Test Automation
- 15.1 Seek executive sponsorship
- 15.2 Choose test framework
- 15.3 Select test tool
- 15.4 Find a mentor
- 15.5 Manage expectation
- 15.6 Solo test automation
- 15.7 Common mistakes
- 15.8 Wrap up
16 Debugging Test Automation Process
- 16.1 Definition of Success: Web Test Automation
- 16.2 Common Failures - technical factors
- 16.3 Wrong choice of test automation tool
- 16.4 Test script in non-script language
- 16.5 Common Failures - human factors
Appendix 1 Functional Test Refactoring Catalog
- Move Test Scripts
- Extract Function
- Extract to Page Class
- Introduce Page Object
Appendix 2 Case Study: Test Automation in ClinicWise project
- Build Stats
- Stage 1: Write automated tests on the first day
- Stage 2: Set up CI server within the first week
- Stage 3: Release to production early
- Stage 4: Release often (daily)
- Stage 5: Set up parallel test execution in CI
- Questions and Answers
- Web Sites
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