Kubernetes Overview


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Kubernetes Overview

Prepare CKA & CKAD Certifications

About the Book

Kubernetes is a recent platform, based on more than ten years of experience in cloud computing by big companies like Google. It is considered complex as it includes all the concepts to run diverse applications in a large variety of environments.

This book, based on the curricula of the two Kubernetes Certifications (Application Developer and Administrator), introduces all the concepts and tools necessary to start administer a Kubernetes cluster and deploy applications in production.


Administrators and application developers having a good knowledge in microservices development and deployment will get the necessary knowledge to deploy the application they have in charge to Kubernetes.

According to a survey conducted by the CNCF in 2018, 58% of respondents are using Kubernetes in production, while 42% are evaluating it for future use. In comparison, 40% of enterprise companies (5000+) are running Kubernetes in production.

About the Author

Philippe MARTIN
Philippe MARTIN

Philippe Martin is working with Kubernetes for two years, first by creating an Operator to deploy video CDNs into the cloud, then helping companies deploying their applications into Kubernetes. Philippe passed its CKAD certification one year ago and just passed the CKA certification. 

Philippe has a long experience with distributed systems and open source software: he started his career twenty years ago creating thin clients based on the Linux kernel and open source components.

Philippe is active in the development of Kubernetes and especially its documentation, as it participates in the translation of the official documentation in French, auto-edits two reference books about the Kubernetes API and kubectl and is responsible for the french translation of the Kubernetes Dashboard.

Table of Contents

  • Creating a cluster with kubeadm
    • Provisioning compute resources
    • Install Docker on the hosts
    • Install kubeadm, kubelet and kubectl on the hosts
    • Initialize the control plane node
    • Join the workers
  • Control Plane components
    • Explore the Control Plane services
  • Accessing the cluster
    • Install kubectl on your dev machine
    • Access the cluster from the dev machine
  • Kubernetes Resources
    • Namespaces
    • Labels and selectors
    • Annotations
  • The workloads
    • Pod specs
    • Container Specs
    • Pod Controllers
    • ReplicaSet controller
    • Deployment controller
    • Update and Rollback
    • Deployment Strategies
  • Configuring applications
    • Arguments to the command
    • Environment Variables
    • Configuration file from ConfigMap
    • Configuration file from Secret
    • Configuration file from Pod fields
    • Configuration file from container resources fields
    • Configuration file from different sources
  • Scaling an application
    • Manual scaling
    • Auto-scaling
  • Application Self-Healing
    • Controller to the rescue
    • Liveness probes
    • Resource limits and Quality of Service classes
  • Scheduling Pods
    • Using label selectors to schedule Pods on specific nodes
    • DaemonSets
    • Static Pods
    • Resource requests
    • Running multiple schedulers
  • Discovery and Load-balancing
    • Services
    • Services Types
    • Ingress
  • Security
    • Authentication
    • Authorization
    • Security Contexts
    • Network policies
    • Working with private Docker registries
  • Storage
    • Persistent Volumes
    • Claiming a Persistent volume
    • Using auto-provisioned persistent volumes
  • Monitoring and Logging
    • Basic logging
  • Upgrading the cluster
    • Upgrade the controller
    • Upgrade the workers
    • Upgrading the operating system
    • Backup a cluster
    • Restore a cluster
  • kubectl
    • Managing kubeconfig file
    • Generic commands
    • Creating applications resources
    • Managing clusters
    • Getting Documentation
  • Curriculum CKA 1.15
    • Scheduling (5%)
    • Logging/Monitoring (5%)
    • Application Lifecycle Management (8%)
    • Cluster Maintenance (11%)
    • Security (12%)
    • Storage (7%)
    • Troubleshooting (10%)
    • Core Concepts (19%)
  • Curriculum CKAD 1.15
    • Core Concepts (13%)
    • Configuration (18%)
    • Multi-Container Pods (10%)
    • Observability (18%)
    • Pod Design (20%)
    • Services and Networking (13%)
    • State Persistence (8%)

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