FORMAT - The Handbook - Knowing the Future is Possible
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FORMAT - The Handbook - Knowing the Future is Possible

About the Book

Technology is progressing at a breakneck speed. Have you ever wondered if this progress of technology can be forecasted? Forecasting technology is no mean task and several hundreds of scholars have already researched into the matter. This handbook illustrates a methodology built on top of existing frameworks and improved upon it to make the process of technology forecasting a repeatable, learnable and teachable methodology. The uniqueness of FORMAT is the simplicity of the approach and the presence of both qualitative (imagination driven) and quanititative methods. FORMAT is method agnostic in its components of FOR, M, A and T stages. Any method known to the user can be used in place of those suggested in the handbook. However, caution has to be paid to the gates between the stages. Case studies generated using FORMAT are listed in this link -

About the Author

Dr. Bala Ramadurai
Dr. Bala Ramadurai

Dr. Bala Ramadurai is an independent innovation consultant and professor. He has 3 patents to his credit and 10+ publications in international research journals. He co-founded TRIZ Innovation India ( and is an Adjunct Professor at Symbiosis Institute of Business Management, India ( 

He has a PhD from Arizona State University, USA, and a B.Tech from IIT Madras, India. 

He was a Technology Forecasting researcher and designer in the FORMAT project at Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy. He managed and designed the handbook for the technology forecasting methodology. (

Bala was a systematic innovation facilitator at MindTree Ltd (, India, where he designed and crafted 5*50, a key innovation intrapreneurship program.  

Prior to MindTree, he was a Research Scientist at General Electric Global Research, India.  

He has mentored students in an entrepreneurship course facilitated by Carnegie Mellon University, USA, and has been cited as an expert in innovation and creativity by Harvard Business Review. (

His teaching experience includes creative problem solving courses at IIT Madras, IIT Gandhinagar, IIT Hyderabad, Symbiosis and IISc Bangalore.

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