CCIE Service Provider Version 4 Written and Lab Exam Comprehensive Guide
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CCIE Service Provider Version 4 Written and Lab Exam Comprehensive Guide

About the Book

This independently-authored study guide represents the author's personal journey to achieving the CCIE Service Providing Version 4 certification. Given the shortage of other study materials for this exam, the author created this book while studying for the test in real-time. It contains nearly 3,000 pages of in-depth and realistic lab tests, complete with configuration examples and diagrams. The book covers the vast majority of the CCIE SPv4 blueprint, plus other relevant Service Provider advanced technologies. The book is designed primarily for service provider professionals interested in passing both the CCIE SPv4 written and lab exams. Other network professionals, such as enterprise architects, will find value in this book as the core routing/switching concepts are inherent in any network. Below is an incomplete list of topics covered in this book: BGP, OSPF, IS-IS, EIGRP, RIP, PIM, MPLS, RSVP-TE, TE-FRR, Segment Routing (SR), L2VPN variations such as E-LINE/E-LAN/E-TREE, L3VPN, Provider Edge to Customer Edge (PE-CE) Routing Techniques, Multi-VRF CE, Ethernet VPN (EVPN), Inter-AS MPLS, Carrier Supporting Carrier (CSC), Internet routing (peering/transit), Service Provider security, Next Generation Multicast VPN (MVPN), Quality of Service (QoS), NetFlow, SNMP, EEM, IPv6 Neighbor Discovery Deep-Dive, IPv6 Transition, IP Fast-Reroute (IP-FRR), seamless/unified MPLS, Ethernet OAM tools (CFM, OAM, E-LMI), ITU-T Y.1731 Performance Monitoring, MPLS OAM, IP SLA and Object Tracking, Broadband Network Gateway with PPP over Ethernet (BNG with PPPoE), Non-stop Forwarding and Graceful Restart (NSF/GR), NBAR, NAT444, NAT464, Time Synchronization protocols, and more.

Note that almost all topics have corresponding labs, even minor topics. All configurations and source diagrams are available via Leanpub "Extras" download links when the book is purchased. Another "Extra" included with the purchase is a free CCIE/CCDE Evolving Technologies guide for the SP version 4.1 written exam.

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About the Author

Nicholas Russo
Nicholas Russo

Nicholas (Nick) Russo, CCDE™ #20160041 and CCIE™ #42518, holds active CCIE certifications in both Routing and Switching and Service Provider. Nick was among the first individuals to pass the CCIE Service Provider version 4 lab examination and this book represents his personal journey towards that end. Nick also holds a Bachelor’s of Science in Computer Science, and a minor in International Relations, from the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT). Nick lives in Maryland, USA with his wife, Carla, and daughter, Olivia.

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Reader Testimonials

Nathan Wall
Nathan Wall

Senior ISP Network Engineer (CCIE #43851 ** RECENTLY PASSED SPV4.1 **)

I can only say bravo. Finally a document that is geared directly towards the CCIE-SP track (both written and lab) that actually has very solid and deep content. I would highly recommend this product. Coupled along with quality content/diagrams/configurations are deep level verify/debug/packet inspections to help the user better understand [the technology]. This book is worth every penny as this content should help fill any gaps left by a lack of existing training materials.

Leonid Danilov
Leonid Danilov

Network Engineer (CCIE #56280 *NEWLY PASSED CCIE SPV4*)

This book is an all-in-one Swiss Army knife to both the CCIE Service Provider written and lab exams. I chatted with Nick on a regular basis during my studies for technical support. This direct support from the author during my preparation was the key to passing the lab on my first attempt. I highly recommend this resource for everyone pursuing his or her CCIE SP.

Esteban Serrano
Esteban Serrano

Senior Cisco TAC Engineer (CCIEx2 #37332)

**RECENTLY PASSED SPV4 LAB EXAM** Only [few] people in the world have passed CCIE SP after the version change last year … there was no real "one place to go" to find all you needed to prepare you for the task … We now have this option available with shows, debugs and multiple scenarios in complex topologies, super recommended. Written by one of few double CCIEs in the world who manage to pass this CCIE on it latest version. Worth your time and money!!!

Alejandro Rivera
Alejandro Rivera

SP Network Engineer (CCIE #56238 **NEWLY PASSED SPV4**)

A new hope was conceived when I read Nick Russo’s CCIE SPv4 review. Without hesitation, I bought the book on Leanpub . Nick was totally accessible for any inquiries and also an important influence, which [helped] my preparation. Using Nick’s CCIE SPv4 guide allowed me to look at many possible scenarios useful for the CCIE SP preparation and also enabled me to gain solid understanding of real life network designs and deployment alternatives, I believe this to the greatest value.

Elsayed Nada
Elsayed Nada

Network Engineer (CCIE #43079 RS/SPv4 **RECENTLY PASSED**)

This book is a must if you are thinking about going down the CCIE SP path. It contains many different scenarios for all technologies in the CCIE SP blueprint and more. The book walks you through the verifications of the technology step by step. Also, it contains scenarios that are not documented elsewhere. I highly recommend this book for anyone who wants to learn ISP technologies in detail as it will help you think differently when it comes to different ways of implementing the technology.

Daniel Dib
Daniel Dib

Senior Network Architect (CCIE #37149/CCDE #20160011)

I have never seen anything quite like it with the amazing level of detail and how he was able to write about topics in detail that weren't available anywhere else. I would highly recommend CCIE SPv4 candidates to consider this book both for certification purposes but also to become experts in the field ... This is at the time of this writing the most comprehensive study guide out there for the SPv4 and none of the other training vendors have anything close to this.

Steven Jjeke
Steven Jjeke

Senior Network Engineer, CCIE #54750

*RECENTLY PASSED CCIE SPV4* [Nick’s] workbook is a game changer, to me at least, for two major reasons: 1) I don't know of any other provider or book that has the entire blueprint in one place. 2) I have two other workbooks that I bought from other providers. In one, the content depth is good but there are a lot of topics missing, [while] the other is shallow. Personally, [this guide was] invaluable to me because of the frustration I was getting looking around for good documentation.

Davide Barbaro
Davide Barbaro

Network Engineer (CCIE #56474, NEWLY PASSED SPV4)

I was in contact with Nick since I begin my CCIE Sv4P preparation. I was asking Nick different questions every day and his book gave me the opportunities to review and understand concepts that are not widely known or documented. This book has helped me to pass the CCIE SPv4 lab exam.

Luke Bibby
Luke Bibby

Senior Serivce Provider Engineer (CCIEx2 #45527)

Having passed the CCIE SPv4 lab earlier this year, I can wholeheartedly say that this book is an absolute gem and a great resource for anyone studying for the CCIE SP or wanting to learn about SP technologies in expert detail. The book is geared towards learning by doing, with plenty of examples, show/debug output, use cases, and easy to understand explanations for every technology on the CCIE SPv4 blueprint. This workbook is massively comprehensive; all CCIE training vendors should take note.

Malcolm Booden
Malcolm Booden

Senior Network Architect (CCDE 20170037)

I used Nick’s CCIE SP book as a framework to solidify some key service provider technologies and concepts, whilst preparing for the CCDE practical exam. The format of the workbook is excellent where it sets the scene for each technology section with a brief description around use cases and purpose, before multiple labs exploring different deployment and verification scenarios. I’m now using it for CCIE Service Provider preparation. Kudos on a fantastic, well-structured learning resource.

Marcin Kurek
Marcin Kurek

Senior ISP Engineer (CCIE #46576) *** RECENTLY PASSED SPV4 ***

I've been studying for the new CCIE SP [for] a couple of months now. I picked up quite a few books along the way, but none of them covered so many aspects of the blueprint in one place. The book is well written, explanations are clear and easy to follow. Nick heavily relies on labs, so most statements are immediately backed up by config snippets and console outputs. I use the book on a daily basis now and I'm convinced it will greatly increase chances of passing both written and lab exams.

David Raney
David Raney

Technical Sales Consultant (CCIE #24900)

Nick's book is great addition to my standard reading list for the CCIE SP track. It is helping me fill the gaps for the more obscure technologies on the written and prepare my own labs for the advanced sections of the practical. The advantage of using his book is the time savings required to research the individual written topics as well as identify your strong and weak points. These allow for more focused attention on those weak spots.

 David Dydson-Dzissah
David Dydson-Dzissah

Senior Network Engineer (CCIE #51355)

This book is the most powerful material I have ever laid my hands on. It blew my mind the amount of treasure hidden in this book. It takes on a whole new meaning with the SP technology. Every topic on each technology is fully covered into details with configuration samples and topologies; debug outputs with highlighted sections to help you identify what to look for ... Comparing this comprehensive book to the big name providers … this is the best [money] ever spent. It is a MUST have book.

Kim Pedersen
Kim Pedersen

Senior ISP Engineer (CCIEx2 #29189)

Interested in the intricacies of Service Provider technology? Studying for your CCIE Service Provider lab? If your answer is Yes to any of these, then check out on this excellent book! I highly recommend it for anyone interested in details on service provider technologies! It gives you explanations along with configuration examples that will make it easier to understand than reading a ton of different configuration guides. Very few books on the market has the quality feel that Nick's book does.

Rob Riker
Rob Riker

Senior Network Engineer and CCIE Instructor (CCIE #50693)

This book came out at just the right time. There is no complete training for SP right now. This book is the SP bible and is the most complete, accurate and detailed comprehensive guide available. As a CCIE instructor, I commend Nick on his level of detail, which is needed to understand the technologies to the expert level. I am using this resource as I prepare for the CCIE SPv4 written and lab, as well as ensuring I have a deep understanding of the technologies when I teach them.

Nicolas Vallet
Nicolas Vallet

Senior Network Engineer (CCIE #35675)

I love this workbook, I did half [so far]. I am still amazed how you could gather all this knowledge alone considering the small amounts of books and other existing training about many of the service provider specific topics.

Jason Pollard
Jason Pollard

Network Architect (CCIE #52498)

I just would like to say I think [the author] did an awesome job on the book! The level of detail and configurations for all the topics is amazing and shows how gifted [the author is] to be able to create something like this [by himself]. I have my CCIE in R&S (took me sometime ...) and it would have been nice to have a study guide for that track as well.

Table of Contents

1.      SP architecture concepts  13

1.1         IPv6  13

1.1.1          Definitions  13

1.1.2          Neighbor Discovery details  16

1.2         Broadband Aggregation (BBA)  41

1.2.1          PPP over Ethernet (PPPoE) technology  42

1.2.2          Multi-service PPPoE and LAC/LNS architecture   70

1.3         MEF Ethernet Services Definitions (MEF 6.2)  93

1.4         Platform Architecture   94

1.4.1          Route-Switch Processor (RSP) and Route Processor (RP)  94

1.4.2          Line cards (LC)  95

1.4.3          Switching fabric / backplane and forwarding model 95

1.4.4          Multicast forwarding and hierarchical replication   96

1.4.5          Satellite operations (remote linecards)  96

3.1         WAN technologies  96

3.1.1          Packet over SONET/SDH   96

3.1.2          T1/E1 and T3/E3  97

3.1.3          Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM)  98

3.2         IP connectivity to the customer  99

3.2.1          Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)  99

3.2.2          Cable Internet  99

3.2.3          Wireline   99

4.      Virtualization concepts  100

4.1         SVR vs. HVR   100

4.2         Network Functions Virtualization (NFV)  101

4.3         Software Defined Networking (SDN)  101

5.      Mobility concepts  102

5.1         LTE  102

5.2         Backhaul 104

6.      Describe BGP path attributes  105

7.      Describe MPLS forwarding and control plane mechanisms  107

7.1         Label Distribution Protocol (LDP)  107

7.2         Static label bindings  166

7.3         MPLS IP and MTU minor options  170

8.      Describe MPLS advanced features  200

8.1         Segment Routing  200

8.2         Generalized MPLS (GMPLS)  212

8.3         MPLS Transport Profile (MPLS-TP)  213

8.4         Inter-AS MPLS  235

8.4.1          Option A (Back to back VRF exchange)  258      L3VPN   258      L2VPN   286      MVPN – GRE (Profile 0) and mLDP (Profile 1)  292      MPLS TE  310      Confederation variation   314      Carrier Supporting Carrier (CSC) variation   325

8.4.2          Option B (ASBR VPNv4/v6 eBGP)  331      L3VPN   333      L2VPN   368      mVPN – GRE (Profile 0)  379      MVPN – mLDP (Profile 17)  404      MPLS TE  413      Confederation variation   427

8.4.3          Option C (ASBR eBGP + Label, RR VPNv4 eBGP)  452      L3VPN   453      L2VPN   501      MVPN – GRE (Profile 0)  512      MVPN – mLDP (Profile 17)  519      MPLS TE  536      Confederation variation   563

8.4.4          Option AB Inter-AS hybrid (AKA Option D)  581      L3VPN   581      L2VPN   613      MVPN – GRE (Profile 0) and mLDP (Profile 1)  615      MPLS TE  623

8.4.5          Confederation variation   627

9.      Describe multicast P2MP TE  627

10.         Describe EVPN (EVPN and PBB-EVPN)  627

10.1      EVPN   630

10.2      PBB-EVPN   630

11.         Describe IEEE 802.1ad (QinQ), IEEE 802.1ah (Mac-in-Mac), and ITU G.8032 (REP)  646

11.1      802.1ad QinQ   646

11.2      802.1ah MAC in MAC (Provider Backbone Bridges)  648

11.3      Ethernet Ring loop-prevention   648

11.3.1        Cisco Resilient Ethernet Protocol (REP)  648

11.3.2        ITU G.8032  675

12.         Describe broadband forum TR-101 VLAN paradigms (N:1 and 1:1)  675

13.         Describe QoS link fragmentation (LFI), cRTP, and RTP   685

14.         Describe Multichassis/Clustering High Availability (HA)  694

14.1      High Availability (HA) Demonstration (NSF/NSR/GR)  696

14.1.1        IS-IS NSF and NSR   702

14.1.2        OSPFv2 NSF and NSR   707

14.1.3        OSPFv3 GR and NSR   710

14.1.4        BGP GR and NSR   712

14.1.5        LDP GR and NSR   720

14.1.6        RSVP-TE GR   726

14.1.7        EIGRP NSF  734

15.         Describe Layer 1 failure detection   737

16.         Describe BGPsec  740

17.         Describe backscatter traceback  740

18.         Describe lawful-intercept  740

19.         Describe BGP Flowspec  740

20.         Describe DDoS mitigation techniques  740

21.         Describe network event and fault management  741

22.         Describe performance management and capacity procedures  741

23.         Describe maintenance and operational procedures  744

24.         Describe the network inventory management process  745

25.         Describe network change, implementation, and rollback  745

25.1      Processes and best practices  745

25.2      NETCONF and YANG   747

26.         Describe the incident management process based on the ITILv3 framework  750

27.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot advanced BGP features  751

27.1      Additional Paths (add-path) and Prefix Independent Convergence (PIC)  751

27.2      BGP RT-filter unicast / IPv4 RT-filter feature   818

27.3      BGP RR-group and Selective RT Retention   823

27.4      Accumulated IGP attribute   841

27.4.1        Basic AIGP   841

27.4.2        AIGP with cost-communities and BGP confederations  847

27.5      Cost-Community / Point Of Insertion (POI)  850

27.6      DMZ Link Bandwidth   865

27.7      BGP Multicast VPN (MVPN) Theory  881

27.8      BGP Link State AF and Path Computation Element (PCE)  884

28.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot MVPN   890

28.1      Profile 0: Default MDT − GRE − PIM C−mcast Signaling (Traditional Draft-Rosen)  891

28.1.1        PIM-ASM in the core   893

28.1.2        PIM-SSM in the core   905

28.1.3        PIM-Bidir in the core   915

28.2      Profile 1: Default MDT − MLDP MP2MP − PIM C−mcast Signaling (Basic mLDP)  924

28.3      Profile 3: Default MDT − GRE − BGP−AD − PIM C−mcast Signaling  951

28.4      Profile 6: VRF MLDP − In−band Signaling  960

28.5      Profile 7: Global MLDP In−band Signaling  969

28.6      Profile 8: Global Static − P2MP−TE  980

28.7      Profile 9: Default MDT − MLDP − MP2MP − BGP−AD − PIM C−mcast Signaling  987

28.8      Profile 10: VRF Static – P2MP TE - BGP−AD   993

28.9      Profile 11: Default MDT − GRE − BGP−AD − BGP C−mcast Signaling  1000

28.10         Profile 12: Default MDT − MLDP − P2MP − BGP−AD − BGP C−mcast Signaling  1011

28.11         Profile 13: Default MDT − MLDP − MP2MP − BGP−AD − BGP C−mcast Signaling  1030

28.12         Profile 14: Partitioned MDT – MLDP P2MP – BGP-AD – BGP C-mcast signaling  1061

28.13         Profile 17: Default MDT – MLDP P2MP – BGP-AD – PIM C-mcast signaling  1080

29.         Describe and optimize multicast scale and performance   1094

29.1      Inter-AS Multicast and Multicast Source Discovery Protocol (MSDP)  1094

29.2      Multicast Only Fast Re-Reroute (MoFRR)  1158

29.3      Protecting mLDP LSPs with Fast Re-Reoute (FRR)  1173

29.4      MVPN Extranet  1178

29.4.1        PIM/GRE  1179

29.4.2        mLDP   1205

30.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot MPLS QoS models and related features  1233

30.1      Uniform    1234

30.2      Short pipe   1237

30.3      Pipe (AKA long pipe)  1238

30.4      QoS Policy Propagation through BGP (QPPB)  1240

30.5      QoS specifics on IOS XRv  1246

30.6      Network Based Application Recognition (NBAR) summary and configurations  1251

30.6.1        NBAR Custom Protocols  1253

30.6.2        NBAR Attributes  1258

30.6.3        NBAR Attributes with HTTP   1262

30.6.4        NBAR Protocol-ID   1267

30.6.5        NBAR Protocol Discovery  1268

31.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot MPLS TE / QoS mechanisms  1270

31.1      MPLS RSVP-TE (General)  1270

31.1.1        TE Topology (TED) construction and RSVP-TE signaling  1270

31.1.2        TE attributes  1297

31.1.3        Directing traffic into TE tunnels and tunnel stitching  1338

31.2      TE Fast-ReRoute (FRR) and rapid provisioning  1363

31.2.1        Link (NHOP), Node (NNHOP), and Path protection – Manual 1363

31.2.2        Automatic tunnels (with OSPF)  1401

31.3      CBTS (IOS) and PBTS (XR)  1451

31.4      DiffServ-aware Traffic Engineering (DS-TE)  1469

31.4.1        Pre-standard Model 1470

31.4.2        IETF Russian Dolls Model  (RDM)  1490

31.4.3        IETF Maximum Allocation Model (MAM)  1500

31.4.4        Per-VRF TE techniques  1507

32.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot E-LAN and E-TREE (extended to general L2VPN)  1540

32.1      MPLS encapsulated L2VPN   1540

32.1.1        Static configuration   1540         E-LINE (VPWS)  1540         Advanced PW features (CW, Status, etc)  1562         E-LAN and E-TREE (VPLS)  1574         Multisegment PW (MS-PW) switching  1598         EVC rewrite operations  1622

32.1.2        BGP auto-discovery for VPWS/VPLS  1632         LDP signaling  1633         BGP signaling  1648

32.1.3        Hierarchical VPLS (H-VPLS)  1664         MPLS in the Access Network  1664         QinQ in the Access Network  1681

32.2      IP encapsulated L2VPN   1688

32.2.1        E-LINE with L2TP   1688

32.2.2        E-LAN and E-TREE using OTV   1714

33.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot Unified MPLS and CSC   1731

33.1      Carrier Supporting Carrier (CSC)  1731

33.1.1        L3VPN   1739

33.1.2        L2VPN   1750

33.1.3        MVPN (Profile 0 with SSM)  1759

33.1.4        TE and TE-FRR   1768

33.2      Unified (seamless) MPLS  1780

33.2.1        IS-IS  1787         L3VPN   1797         L2VPN   1812         MVPN (mLDP profiles 1 and 17)  1816         Inter-area TE and TE-FRR   1824

33.2.2        OSPF (summarized)  1840         L3VPN   1843         L2VPN   1850         MVPN (mLDP profiles 1 and 17)  1856         MPLS TE and TE-FRR   1859

34.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot LISP   1870

35.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot GRE and mGRE-based VPN   1902

35.1      P2P GRE tunneling and GRE features  1902

35.2      Dynamic Multipoint VPN (DMVPN) basics  1916

35.2.1        Phase 1  1918

35.2.2        Phase 2  1938

35.2.3        Phase 3  1948

35.3      mGRE-based L3VPN   1964

36.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot IPv6 transition mechanisms  1976

36.1      NAT44 and NAT444  1976

36.2      NAT64 and NAT464  1995

36.3      Dual stack lite (DS-lite)  2035

36.4      IPv6 tunneling over IPv4 networks  2037

36.4.1        GRE / Manual IPv6 tunnels  2038

36.4.2        6to4 automatic tunnels  2041

36.4.3        6 Rapid Deployment (6RD)  2045

36.4.4        Intra-Site Automatic tunnel Addressing Protocol (ISATAP)  2052

36.5      IPv4/IPv6 Internet Access over MPLS using NAT44  2055

37.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot end-to-end fast convergence   2092

37.1      Loop Free Alternate (LFA) for IPv4  2092

37.1.1        OSPFv2  2092         Direct LFA   2092         Remote LFA   2106

37.1.2        IS-IS  2121         Direct LFA   2121         Remote LFA   2127

37.1.3        EIGRP   2131

37.2      Loop Free Alternate (LFA) for IPv6 (XR Only)  2136

37.2.1        OSPFv3  2136         Direct LFA   2136         Remote LFA   2140

37.2.2        IS-IS  2140         Direct LFA   2140         Remote LFA   2144

37.3      Convergence optimizations for BGP   2148

37.4      Convergence optimizations for IGPs  2174

37.4.1        IS-IS  2175

37.4.2        OSPFv2 and OSPFv3  2181

38.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot multi-VRF CE and advanced VRF techniques  2194

38.1      Multi-VRF CE (VRF-Lite)  2195

38.1.1        Basic VRF-Lite   2195

38.1.2        OSPF and sham-links  2198

38.1.3        EIGRP and Site-of-Origin (SoO)  2233

38.1.4        IS-IS  2262

38.1.5        BGP and Site-of-Origin (SoO)  2266

38.1.6        Static routing  2289

38.1.7        RIP   2293

38.2      VRF label modes  2300

38.3      VRF selection for traffic leaking  2314

38.4      VRF route leaking  2318

38.5      L3VPN import/export maps  2338

38.6      Half-Duplex VRF (HDVRF)  2350

38.7      BGP Local Convergence (VRF Local Protection)  2363

39.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot Layer 2 failure detection   2377

39.1      Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP)  2377

39.2      Uni-Directional Link Detection (UDLD)  2388

40.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot Layer 3 failure detection   2396

40.1      Individual Protocol Hello packets  2396

40.2      Bidirectional Forwarding Detection (BFD)  2415

41.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot control plane protection techniques  2444

41.1      Control Plane Policing (CPP) in XE and Local Packet Transport Services (LPTS) in XR   2444

42.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot logging and SNMP security  2461

42.1      Logging  2461

42.2      SNMP security  2461

43.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot timing  2461

43.1      Network Time Protocol (NTP)  2462

43.2      1588v2 (Precision Time Protocol(PTP))  2480

43.3      Synchronous Ethernet  (SyncE)  2482

44.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot SNMP traps, RMON, EEM, and EPC   2483

44.1      SNMP traps  2484

44.2      Remote Monitor (RMON) in XE and logging correlation in XR   2490

44.3      Embedded Event Manager (EEM)  2503

44.4      Embedded Packet Capture (EPC)  2512

45.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot port mirroring protocols  2522

45.1      Switch port analyzer (SPAN)  2522

45.2      Remote SPAN (RSPAN)  2527

45.3      Encapsulated RSPAN (ERSPAN)  2530

46.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot Netflow and IPFIX   2534

46.1      Flexible Netflow (FNF)  2536

46.2      IPFIX   2547

47.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot IP SLA   2549

47.1      Basic IP SLA probes, responders, features, and configurations  2549

47.2      UDP-jitter and VOIP codec probes  2560

47.3      Advanced ICMP probes  2566

47.4      MPLS probes  2573

47.5      Ethernet probes including ITU-T Y.1731 Basics and Performing Monitoring (PM)  2577

47.6      Miscellaneous probes  2603

47.7      Aggregated statistics, history, group scheduling, and miscellaneous features  2610

47.8      Enhanced Object Tracking (EOT)  2622

47.9      IPv6 SLA   2637

47.10         IOS-XR IP SLA and EOT  2643

48.         Describe, implement, and troubleshoot MPLS OAM and Ethernet OAM    2667

48.1      MPLS ping, MPLS traceroute, and VCCV   2667

48.2      MPLS LSP Monitor (MPLSLM) / LSP Health Monitor  2690

48.3      Ethernet Management Tools (CFM, OAM, and E-LMI)  2703

48.3.1        Connectivity Fault Management (CFM) (802.3ag)  2703

48.3.2        Ethernet OAM (IEEE 802.3ah)  2733

48.3.3        Ethernet Local Management Interface (E-LMI)  (MEF.16)  2748

48.3.4        Ethernet CFM, OAM, E-LMI, and Y.1731 on CSR1000v (Comprehensive)  2766

49.         Service Provider security best practices (Comprehensive)  2794

49.1      Control plane security best practices  2795

49.2      Management plane security best practices  2831

49.3      Data plane security best practices  2862

49.4        Advanced security techniques and features  2889

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