Windows Kernel Programming
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Windows Kernel Programming

About the Book

The book describes software kernel drivers programming for Windows. These drivers don't deal with hardware, but rather with the system itself: processes, threads, modules, registry and more. Kernel code can be used for monitoring important events, preventing some from occurring if needed. Various filters can be written that can intercept calls that a driver may be interested in.

About the Author

Table of Contents

  • Introduction
    • Who Should Read This Book
    • What You Should Know to Use This Book
    • Sample Code
  • Chapter 1: Windows Internals Overview
    • Processes
    • Virtual Memory
      • Page States
      • System Memory
    • Threads
      • Thread Stacks
    • System Services (a.k.a. System Calls)
    • General System Architecture
    • Handles and Objects
      • Object Names
      • Accessing Existing Objects
  • Chapter 2: Getting Started with Kernel Development
    • Installing the Tools
    • Creating a Driver Project
    • The DriverEntry and Unload Routines
    • Deploying the Driver
    • Simple Tracing
    • Exercises
    • Summary
  • Chapter 3: Kernel Programming Basics
    • General Kernel Programming Guidelines
      • Unhandled Exceptions
      • Termination
      • Function Return Values
      • IRQL
      • C++ Usage
      • Testing and Debugging
    • Debug vs. Release Builds
    • The Kernel API
    • Functions and Error Codes
    • Strings
    • Dynamic Memory Allocation
    • Lists
    • The Driver Object
    • Device Objects
    • Summary
  • Chapter 4: Driver from Start to Finish
    • Introduction
    • Driver Initialization
      • Passing Information to the Driver
      • Client / Driver Communication Protocol
      • Creating the Device Object
    • Client Code
    • The Create and Close Dispatch Routines
    • The DeviceIoControl Dispatch Routine
    • Installing and Testing
    • Summary
  • Chapter 5: Debugging
    • Debugging Tools for Windows
    • Introduction to WinDbg
      • Tutorial: User mode debugging basics
    • Kernel Debugging
      • Local Kernel Debugging
      • Local kernel Debugging Tutorial
    • Full Kernel Debugging
      • Configuring the Target
      • Configuring the Host
    • Kernel Driver Debugging Tutorial
    • Summary
  • Chapter 6: Kernel Mechanisms
    • Interrupt Request Level
      • Raising and Lowering IRQL
      • Thread Priorities vs. IRQLs
    • Deferred Procedure Calls
      • Using DPC with a Timer
    • Asynchronous Procedure Calls
      • Critical Regions and Guarded Regions
    • Structured Exception Handling
      • Using __try/__except
      • Using __try/__finally
      • Using C++ RAII Instead of __try / __finally
    • System Crash
      • Crash Dump Information
      • Analyzing a Dump File
      • System Hang
    • Thread Synchronization
      • Interlocked Operations
      • Dispatcher Objects
      • Mutex
      • Fast Mutex
      • Semaphore
      • Event
      • Executive Resource
    • High IRQL Synchronization
      • The Spin Lock
    • Work Items
    • Summary
  • Chapter 7: The I/O Request Packet
    • Introduction to IRPs
    • Device Nodes
      • IRP Flow
    • IRP and I/O Stack Location
      • Viewing IRP Information
    • Dispatch Routines
      • Completing a Request
    • Accessing User Buffers
      • Buffered I/O
      • Direct I/O
      • User Buffers for IRP_MJ_DEVICE_CONTROL
    • Putting it All Together: The Zero Driver
      • Using a Precompiled Header
      • The DriverEntry Routine
      • The Read Dispatch Routine
      • The Write Dispatch Routine
      • Test Application
    • Summary
  • Chapter 8: Process and Thread Notifications
    • Process Notifications
    • Implementing Process Notifications
      • The DriverEntry Routine
      • Handling Process Exit Notifications
      • Handling Process Create Notifications
    • Providing Data to User Mode
      • The User Mode Client
    • Thread Notifications
    • Image Load Notifications
    • Exercises
    • Summary
  • Chapter 9: Object and Registry Notifications
    • Object Notifications
      • Pre-Operation Callback
      • Post-Operation Callback
    • The Process Protector Driver
      • Object Notification Registration
      • Managing Protected Processes
      • The Pre-Callback
      • The Client Application
    • Registry Notifications
      • Handling Pre-Notifications
      • Handling Post-Operations
      • Performance Considerations
    • Implementing Registry Notifications
      • Handling Registry Callback
      • Modified Client Code
    • Exercises
    • Summary
  • Chapter 10: Introduction to File System Mini-Filters
    • Introduction
    • Loading and Unloading
    • Initialization
      • Operations Callback Registration
      • The Altitude
    • Installation
      • INF Files
      • Installing the Driver
    • Processing I/O Operations
      • Pre Operation Callbacks
      • Post Operation Callbacks
    • The Delete Protector Driver
      • Handling Pre-Create
      • Handling Pre-Set Information
      • Some Refactoring
      • Generalizing the Driver
      • Testing the Modified Driver
    • File Names
      • File Name Parts
    • The Alternate Delete Protector Driver
      • Handling Pre-Create and Pre-Set Information
      • Testing the Driver
    • Contexts
      • Managing Contexts
    • Initiating I/O Requests
    • The File Backup Driver
      • The Post Create Callback
      • The Pre-Write Callback
      • The Post-Cleanup Callback
      • Testing the Driver
      • Restoring Backups
    • User Mode Communication
      • Creating the Communication Port
      • User Mode Connection
      • Sending and Receiving Messages
      • Enhanced File Backup Driver
      • The User Mode Client
    • Debugging
    • Exercises
    • Summary
  • Chapter 11: Miscellaneous Topics
    • Driver Signing
    • Driver Verifier
      • Example Driver Verifier Sessions
    • Using the Native API
    • Filter Drivers
      • Filter Driver Implementation
      • Attaching Filters
      • Attaching Filters at Arbitrary Time
      • Filter Cleanup
      • More on Hardware-Based Filter Drivers
    • Device Monitor
      • Adding a Device to Filter
      • Removing a Filter Device
      • Initialization and Unload
      • Handling Requests
      • Testing the Driver
      • Results of Requests
    • Driver Hooking
    • Kernel Libraries
    • Summary

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