Runtime Patterns for Embedded Systems
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Runtime Patterns for Embedded Systems

Modules and Examples with Complete Source Code for STM32F7 Discovery Board and ARM Cortex-M7

About the Book

Eighty percent of embedded system projects can be implemented using a main loop with function calls, and an interrupt routine or two. The remaining twenty percent, for various reasons, are better developed with other run-time patterns.

Control programs for devices used in open heart surgery, for example, sometimes reset themselves before each pass through the main control logic.  This prevents effects of hidden bugs from accumulating and causing a malfunction.

State machines allow functions called from the main loop to handle greater complexity, and longer duration processes, than functions without state machines.

Event handlers support processes which occur at random times or repeat at different rates.

Message pumps send messages between computers, or pass encoded data, from user interface devices to view managers.

Fiber managers allow multi-processing capabilities without resorting to multi-tasking, or the tools listed above.

This books presents, with source code examples, eight different run time patterns. The example code is part of a demo program which runs on an STM32F746G DISCO board , and supports touchscreen interaction with moving color blobs on an LCD.

All source code is MIT Licensed, and has been tested on the STM32F7_DISCO board. Since that board supports the MBED interface, the program binary can be easily loaded into the board over it's USB port.

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  • Categories

    • Computers and Programming
    • C and C++
    • Embedded Systems
    • Event-Driven Architecture
    • Distributed Systems
    • Software Engineering
    • Software Architecture
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About the Author

David Clifton
David Clifton

I have been an active embedded software developer for the past 35 years. Systems developed in whole or part include: Multi-parameter biofeedback system for Apple II, C and Dsp code for a television watching robot, firmware for a laser power meter, hypertext editor and math assistant for a pocket PC, autosampler firmware for a hematology instrument, robotic control and sequencer for a genetic blood assay machine, bootloader and kernel for an oximeter, portable flight planning computer, firmware for a wireless data acquisition system for bridge diagnostics, base station firmware for corrections telemetry and alcohol monitoring, communications protocol for an implantable hearing aid, usb mass storage driver, and sensor drivers for an oilfield seismic data logger, firmware for a digital theremin, a gps locator-tracker, and lora remote sensing system.

For more detailed information, see

Table of Contents

  • Chapter 1 - Introduction
    • How a computer works
    • Runtime Patterns
    • Demo Program
    • Terminology
  • Chapter 2 - Patterns
    • Pattern: Run/Reset
    • Pattern: Single Task
    • Pattern: Single Task With Nested State Machines
    • Pattern: Single Task With Event List
    • Pattern: Single Task With Message Pump
    • Pattern: Cooperative Multi-tasking with fibers
    • Pattern: Single Task with Event Queue
    • Pattern: Single Task with multiple event-triggered state machines
  • Chapter3 - Demo Program Structure
    • Context Diagram
    • Level 1 diagram
    • Level 2 diagrams
  • Chapter4 - Support Code Modules
    • State Machine
    • Fibers
    • Event
    • Event List
    • Event Queue
    • Message Pump
    • Tsk

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