Ecological Perspectives on Language Endangerment
Ecological Perspectives on Language Endangerment
Applying the Sustainable Use Model for Language Development
About the Book
This volume contains the proceedings of a symposium that took place during the 2011 annual meeting of the American Association for Applied Linguistics (AAAL) in Chicago, Illinois. The purpose of the symposium was to present the Sustainable Use Model for Language Development (SUM) and, in particular, to demonstrate the application of the Expanded Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale (EGIDS) as a means of describing language ecologies in different parts of the world.
The book consists of 3 introductory chapters which give an overview of the Sustainable Use Model. Chapter 1 (Lewis), gives a general overview. Chapter 2 (Simons) gives a more detailed description of the EGIDS and the FAMED conditions and includes an EGIDS evaluation tool as an appendix. Chapter 3 (Karan, forthcoming) provides an explanation of the Perceived Benefit Model which serves as the basis for the SUM's description of Motivation, one of the FAMED conditions. These foundational chapters are followed by four cases studies in which the language ecologies of Brazil (Anonby, Chp. 4), Bangladesh (Kim, Chp. 5), Democratic Republic of Congo (Bagamba and Boone, Chp. 6) and Malaysia (Lewis, Moody and Rose, Chp. 7) are described by using the EGIDS to develop a profile of language vitality in each country. A final chapter, (Quakenbush, Chp. 8) summarizes the lessons learned from these case studies.
1. Introducing the Sustainable Use Model
- 1.1 Introduction
- 1.2 Basic assumptions and concepts of the SUM
- 1.3 The SUM process
- 1.4 The FAMED conditions
- 1.5 Summary and conclusions
- 1.6 References
2. Expanding Fishman’s GIDS
- 2.1 GIDS: A measuring rod for language vitality
- 2.2 EGIDS: An expanded GIDS
- 2.3 EGIDS and sustainability
- 2.4 Assigning an EGIDS level
- 2.5 Sustainability and the FAMED conditions
- 2.6 EGIDS as an implicational scale
- 2.7 Conclusion
- 2.8 Appendix: A job aid for EGIDS assessors
- 2.9 References
3. Motivation as a Condition for Sustainable Language Use
- 3.1 Motivation within the SUM
- 3.2 How the SUM is used
- 3.3 Motivational alignment
- 3.4 The Perceived Benefit Model and motivational alignment
- 3.5 Conclusion
- 3.6 References
4. The Extended Graded Intergenerational Disruption Scale Applied in Brazil
- 4.1 A general profile of the language ecology
- 4.2 Languages being maintained against all odds
- 4.3 Languages that are shifting quickly
- 4.4 A discussion of the EGIDS levels, applied primarily to indigenous languages
- 4.5 References
5. Towards a Language Vitality Profile of Bangladesh
- 5.1 Overview
- 5.2 An EGIDS profile of Bangladesh
- 5.3 Applying the SUM and FAMED conditions to EGIDS level 5 languages
- 5.4 Language change not accounted for
- 5.5 EGIDS level 3 vehicularity: how wide is wide enough?
- 5.6 Conclusion
- 5.7 References
6. Challenges to Applying the EGIDS in Northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo
- 6.1 Introduction
- 6.2 EGIDS profile of the Democratic Republic of Congo
- 6.3 Case Studies
- 6.4 Bale-dha: Is the killer being killed?
- 6.5 Known cases of language shift in northeastern Congo
- 6.6 Lessons learned
- 6.7 Conclusion
- 6.8 References
7. Profiles of Language Vitality in Malaysia
- 7.1 Introduction
- 7.2 Methodology
- 7.3 A tentative profile of Malaysian language vitality
- 7.4 Initial cluster hypotheses
- 7.5 Summary and conclusions
- 7.6 References
8. Some Lessons Learned in Applying EGIDS and the Sustainable Use Model
- 8.1 Comparing four country profiles
- 8.2 EGIDS distinctives
- 8.3 Lessons learned
- 8.4 Summarizing SUM and EGIDS
- 8.5 References
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