Before The Code: First Steps to Automation in Testing
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Before The Code: First Steps to Automation in Testing

About the Book

One of the hottest topics today in software testing is automation. Why is that? Because of multiple reasons ranging from using a tool to perform the mundane tasks to improving a team's ability to produce reliable and stable software quickly. But the common mistake testers and companies make is jumping in blindly by just grabbing a tool and scripting everything as fast as they can. This just leads to flaky tests, hard to maintain automation code, and failure. They make the mistake of putting the cart before the horse.

This book focuses on the front-end processes — the work involved in implementing and maintaining test automation and emphasizing a tool agnostic mindset. The information is based on multiple years of work experience using many different tools with a wide range of application & development technologies. This information comes from my experiences in the Software Testing Trenches.

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About the Author

Jim Hazen
Jim Hazen

Jim Hazen is a veteran of the software testing trenches with over thirty years of experience testing applications on the PC and Web platforms. Mr. Hazen has been involved with the startup of testing groups at multiple companies and has done consulting work for the last 19 years. He has helped clients implement tools for functional automation, performance testing and test management. And worked with his clientele to achieve efficiency gains and the financial benefits associated to testing. Mr. Hazen has been a speaker at STPCon, STARWest, and other QA & Test conferences.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents About the Author 7 Acknowledgments 8 Introduction 9

Chapter 1 – Starting Off 11 Where to Start 11 Initiation of Implementation 12 Summary 18 References 18

Chapter 2 - Automagic 19 Automation Myths & Misconceptions 19 Summary 22 References 23

Chapter 3 – Test Automation Pyramid 25 Demystifying the Test Automation Pyramid 25 Dealing with Management 30 The Reality of the Current Situation 31 Summary 32 References 32

Chapter 4 – Educating Management 33 Educating and Convincing Management 33 The End Game 36 Summary 39 References 41

Chapter 5 – The Automation Team 43 Recruiting an External Person 43 Recruiting a Contractor or Consultant 49 Finding an Internal Resource 49 Technical vs. Non-Technical Tester 50 Summary 52 References 52

Chapter 6 - Training 53 Training Staff 53 Learning Automation 56 Summary 57 References 58

Chapter 7 – Basic Automation Development 59 Automation Development 59 Summary 63 References 64

Chapter 8 – Selection of Tests 65 Selecting Tests for Automation 65 Appropriateness of Tests 65 Readiness of Tests 65 Grouping Tests into Suites 66 Prioritizing Tests 68 Combined Methods 69 Summary 74 References 74

Chapter 9 – Automation Testability 75 Testability 75 Methodologies 76 Common Issues - GUI Level 77 Testability Attributes - GUI Level 79 Common Issues - API/Services Level 80 Testability Attributes - API/Services Level 80 Common Issues - Code/Unit Test Level 81 Testability Attributes - Code/Unit Test Level 81 Testability Standards - General 82 Testability Aids 83 Other Factors to Consider Regarding Testability 83 Benefits 84 Summary 84 References 85

Chapter 10 – Proof of Concept 87 Proof of Concept & Tool Evaluation 87 Presenting the Findings 92 Making the Final Decision 93 Summary 94 References 94

Chapter 11 – Framework Concepts 95 Frameworks 95 Selection of a Framework 101 Construction of Framework 102 Summary 103 References 104

Chapter 12 – Automation Framework Design 105 Basic Framework Design 105 Pieces of the Puzzle 106 Summary 112 References 112

Chapter 13 – Where to Run the Tests 113 Automation Test Lab 113 Summary 118 References 118

Chapter 14 – Self Learning 119 Getting Yourself Ready for Automation 119 Software Testing 119 Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) 121 General Programming Techniques 125 Programming Principles (Not Patterns) 126 Automation Programming Techniques 127 Algorithms to Understand for Automation 129 Automation Tools 130 Practice Automation 131 Summary 132 References 133

Chapter 15 – Craft of Automation in Testing 135 Craftsmanship for Automation in Testing 135 What is Craftsmanship? 135 Automation in Testing Craftsmanship 137 Putting It All Together 139 Summary 140 References 140

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